Connect with us


INST Mohali | Institute of Nano Science & Technology



INST Mohali
Source: Official Website

This article covers everything about INST Mohali. Get to know about its history, admissions process, courses offered, eligibility criteria, contact details, events, and other important information.

Prestigious History of INST Mohali

In accordance with the 2007 “Nano-Mission” launched by the government of India, a broad objective of basic research promotion, human resource development, promotion of international collaboration, direct industrial involvement in the development of Nano applications, and more were set as a growth plan.

With respect to working on the same lines, the government of India agreed on the establishment of INST in Mohali, which is a knowledge city. Moreover, it has been registered under the Societies Registration Act XXI of 1860. By the Registrar of the Societies of SAS Nagar vide Certification No. 2590, which dates back to 21st August 2009.

The Institute of Nano Science and Technology (INST) was established in January 2013. Also, it is an autonomous institute in Mohali, Punjab. It was the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India, that took the initiative to start this institute under the Nano mission to improve India’s reach, research, and development in the field of Nano Science and Technology.

In 2020, the campus of INST shifted to Sector-81 of Mohali, which has over 35 acres of land. The Institute of Nano Science and Technology includes research programs in Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and interdisciplinary sciences. Additionally, it discusses issues in chemical biology, quantum materials, the environment, nano-devices, and the field of energy.

Aim and Mission of the Institute

INST Mohali aims to emerge as the country’s foremost research Nano Science and Technology institute. It is a place where engineers, biologists, chemists, physicists, and material scientists together have an affinity toward the field of Nano Science and Technology.

The primary aim of this institute is to come up with new technologies, solutions, and processes in different sectors of – healthcare, defense, energy, environment, water, and agriculture.

INST comes up with a lot of activities that contribute to some of the major programs of importance to the nation, such as Swasth Bharat, Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Smart Cities, Smart Villages, Make in India, Clean & Renewable Energy, etc. Additionally, the institute offers robust solutions and technologies to combat issues related to these programs.

They also have a philanthropic program called the “School adoption program,” which was launched in the year 2015. Through this program, the institute provides the required infrastructure, technological information, and incentives to Government schools in India.

The institute also formulates programs for rural and remote areas targeting the young generation to make them aware of the development of technological solutions.

The exclusive mission of INST Mohali is to ideate solutions, devices, and technologies for defense and commercialization. They also aim to generate affordable devices for the healthcare sector.

Noteworthy Objectives of the Institute of Nano Science & Technology

Some of the schemes on which the institute works are as follows –

  • Building of infrastructure and Manpower
  • Promotion of research activities in the field of nanoscience and technology
  • Giving excellent training to the Ph.D. students
  • Imparting advanced training and laboratory techniques at the highest level possible
  • Organizing and promoting the students under training to attend national and international level conferences and seminars
  • Encouraging novel and challenging innovations and tech/product-based projects
  • Publishing scientific research papers that have an impact
  • Generation of patents in Nano Science and Technology
  • Incubating translational research that reaches the industries from the lab

Modern and High-Tech Facilities at INST

The Institute of Nano Science and Technology promotes research and technology in the field. Since the mission of the facility is so high, advancement in infrastructure and research inventory is important. As a result, the institute has the following technological advancements.

  • Research Lab with a microscope, scattering system, analyzers, fluorometer, calorimeter, rheometer, electrochemical workstation, diffractometer, and surface profiler.
  • Laboratory with Electron microscopes such as SEM (Scanning Electron Microscope), TEM (Transmission Electron Microscope), and AFM (Atomic Force Microscope).
  • Spectroscopies include UV-Vis spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, UV-Vis spectroscopy, and Photoluminescence spectroscopy.
  • XRD (X-ray diffractometer), Thermogravimetric analysis, Differential Thermogravimetric analysis.
  • Library with around 400 books in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Seminar Hall, computer center with good speed internet for study or related work. Auditoriums, State-of-art instruments.

Administration of INST Mohali

There is a board of Governors consisting of researchers, administrators, and academicians who manage the Institute of Nano Science and Technology. Prof. Uday Maitra is the chairman of this institute, and the founding chairman is C.N.R. Rao of Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), Jakkur, Bangalore.

Ashok K Ganguli was the director of this institute when it started in January 2013. From January 2018 to March 2020, Hirendra Nath Ghosh was the director. Amitava Patra has been the current director since 11 March 2020. The family of INST can reach out to him through for direct communication.

INST Faculty

The Institute of Nano Science and Technology has a notable faculty consisting of scientists and researchers. The faculty here is well-experienced and well-qualified, with Ph.D. degrees and various research papers published in the field of Nano Science and Technology.

There are a total number of 36 scientists and a total of 14 administrative staff.

Professor Amitava Patra is the Director of INST in Mohali. Some of the notable faculty members from the Institute of NanoScience and Technology are:

Dr. Debabrata Patra is the associate professor of this institute. His academic qualifications are B.Sc, M.Sc, Ph.D.

Prof. H. N. Ghosh is the Professor at this institute. His academic qualifications are B.Sc, M.Sc, Ph.D.

Dr. Jayamurugan Govindasamy is the associate professor of this institute. His academic qualifications are B.Sc, M.Sc, Ph.D.

Dr. Kamalakannan Kailasam is the professor at this institute. His academic qualifications are B.Sc, M.Sc, Ph.D.

Dr. Menaka Jha is the Scientist-C of this institute. Her academic qualifications are B.Sc, M.Sc, Ph.D.

Dr. Monika Singh is the Scientist-C of this institute. Her academic qualifications are B.Sc, M.Sc, Ph.D.

Dr. Prakash P. Neelakandan is the Associate Professor of this institute. His academic qualifications are B.Sc, M.Sc, Ph.D.

Dr. Ramendra Sundar Dey is the Scientist-C of this institute. His academic qualifications are B.Sc, M.Sc, Ph.D.

Dr. Sonalika Vaidya is the Assistant Professor (Scientist-D) of this institute. Her academic qualifications are B.Sc, M.Sc, Ph.D.

Dr. Tapasi Sen is the assistant professor (Scientist-D) of this institute. Her academic qualifications include B.Sc, M.Sc, and Ph.D.

Dr. Vivek Bagchi is the Scientist-C of this institute. His academic qualifications are B.Sc, M.Sc, Ph.D.

Significant Areas of Research of the Institute

The major areas of research where The Institute of Nano Science and Technology, Mohali, wants to research are Device Physics, Sensors, Agriculture Nanotechnology, Medical Nanotechnology, Nano Biotechnology, Quantum materials and Device Physics, Nano technology-based solutions, and devices related to energy and environment.

Also, under the umbrella of research, INST Mohali provides the opportunity to dive into industrial and sponsored projects. Well-researched publications of various eminent scientists are available on its official website.

Units of The Institute of Nano Science and Technology

The three departments or units of this institute are Energy and Environment Unit, Chemical Biology Unit, and Quantum Material and Devices Unit. Although they are the main units, there are specialized diversions related to each one of them.

Courses Offered at INST Mohali

The courses offered at INST are:

1. The first course is a Ph.D. which has a duration of 3 years. For those ones who want to take their respective field ahead and continue the progression of learning, Post Doctoral for a duration of 2 years is also available.

2. Research Internship with a minimum duration of 3 months and a maximum of 12 months is open for all the aspirants

3. Not to miss the Project Fellowship, which is equally useful and beneficial.

Application Procedure

The students are selected on the basis of ranks obtained in entrance exams like GATE/CSIR or UGC-NET/JEST/JGEEBILS (TIFR/NCBS)/ICMR-JRF/DBT-JRF/DST-INSPIRE/GPAT.

For Ph.D. Programs in INST Mohali

Steps for admission to the Ph.D. program:

  1. You can apply if you have a degree of M.Sc. or M.Pharm or M.Tech degree, in general,/Applied Sciences/Engineering or similar fields. Final-year students who can produce the degree at the time of joining can also apply.
  2. Visit the official website of INST. Download the application form and fill in all the information required carefully.
  3. The candidates should send the filled form and Synopsis to as an advance copy.
  4. Then the candidate has to send some of the documents along with the application form. This needs to be sent to the permanent address of the institute, which is – The Habitat Centre, Phase – 10, Sector – 64 Mohali – 160062.

The documents must include the following:

  • Photograph of the Candidate
  • Age Certificate
  • Candidate’s Educational Qualification (Mark Sheet, Degrees and Certificate of Class 10, 12 and Bachelor’s/Graduate degree, Master Degree Final Marksheet.
  • Work Experience certificate in case of a working candidate.
  • SC/ST/OBC/PH category certificate – valid and self-attested copies.

After the shortlisting process is completed, the selected candidates are invited for an interview. Post the discussion, the candidates are shortlisted again. A form with the names of the selected candidates is displayed on the official website.

The institute pays for the travel expenses of the candidate for the Rail (Sleeper Class) or Non-AC bus. Candidates need to show the tickets as proof.

Bank Details

The candidate must pay the application fees online to the bank account INST Mohali. You must mention your full name during the transaction. For the General, OBC, and EWS categories, there is a fee of INR 590. For SC.ST, and PH categories, there is a fee of INR 295.

Refer to the mentioned-below details of the bank to pay the required amount.

Account Name: Director, INST Mohali

Account Number: 2452201001102

IFSC Code: CNRB0002452

BANK: CANARA BANK, Sector 34A, Chandigarh 160022

Application Procedure in INST for Internship Programmes

If you are a candidate from any Basic Sciences/Applied Sciences/Engineering Institutes/Universities, you are eligible to apply for an internship at INST Mohali. The scientist or supervisor needs to agree to guide the candidate applying for the Internship.

  1. Candidates seeking an internship can fill out the application form online.
  2. Upload all the documents as required and make sure that the documents are scanned properly. Low-quality scans or blurred copies of the documents will be rejected.
  3. The senior authorities go through all the candidates. The institute sends an e-mail to the selected candidates.

Application Dates of Internship Programmes

Summer Internship

Application Date: 1st March – 21st March
Duration of Programme: May – July

Short Term Internship

Application Date: 1st April – 21st April
Duration of Programme: June – December (3-6 months)

Research Internship

Applications are accepted throughout the year.

Duration of program: 1 year

The institute does not provide any stipend to the interns in INST Mohali. Students need to bear their own expenses. There is a Funded Internship program only for the ST candidates where they get an allowance of INR 10,000 every month for Research Projects in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology.

Campus Life at INST Mohali

Besides imparting the best quality technical and scientific knowledge, the campus organizes various seminars and conferences for real experience. From celebrating little things to being a part of international-level meetups, INST is not behind.

Some of the noteworthy events are teachers’ day, Swachh Bharat Program, the 8th MRS trilateral conference, yoga day, and more. Researchers and students of the institute have always found solutions to fight the issues, be it agricultural or any other.


INST in Mohali combines fundamental science with advancements in technologies to deal with problems that are of national and global importance.

For more information, visit the official website of the institute and the Facebook page.


Sector – 81, Knowledge City, Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar, Punjab, Pin – 140306


Monday – Friday (9 am – 5 pm)

Contact No

0172 221 0075, 2210057, 2210056



Jasleen is a passionate writer who immerses in the world of words, captivated by the art of storytelling. Embracing the beauty of French language and enchanted by the grace of classical dance, she finds inspiration in every form of expression.

Continue Reading
Click to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


Top 7 Colleges for MBA in Chandigarh – Shaping Your Future in the City Beautiful



Collage from colleges for MBA in Chandigarh

When it comes to pursuing a Master of Business Administration (MBA), selecting the right college is a crucial decision that can significantly impact your career prospects. Chandigarh is home to several prestigious institutions that offer top-notch MBA programs. In this article, we will explore the top 7 colleges for MBA in Chandigarh, helping you make an informed choice that aligns with your educational and professional aspirations.

What Makes Chandigarh an Ideal MBA Destination?

Chandigarh stands out as an ideal MBA destination for several compelling reasons. First and foremost, its serene and well-planned environment fosters a conducive atmosphere for focused academic pursuits. 

The city’s strategic location in North India provides easy access to major corporate hubs and industries. Companies here also offer abundant internship and networking opportunities.

Moreover, Chandigarh is home to prestigious MBA institutions like the University Business School (UBS) at Panjab University and GGDSD. These colleges for MBA in Chandigarh are known for their rigorous academic standards and industry connections. 

The city’s emphasis on education and innovation ensures that MBA students receive a holistic and globally competitive education. With its blend of academic excellence, professional growth prospects, and a high quality of life, Chandigarh is undoubtedly a prime choice for those aspiring to pursue an MBA.

Top MBA Colleges in Chandigarh

Here are some of the prominent MBA colleges in Chandigarh.

1. University Business School, Panjab University

Address: Arts Block III, Madhya Marg, Panjab University, Sector 14, Chandigarh, 160014

The University Business School at Panjab University is undoubtedly a top choice for pursuing an MBA. With a rich heritage and a legacy of producing industry leaders, this institution stands out. What makes it exceptional is not just its academic excellence but also the practical knowledge it imparts.

An outside view of University Business School building in Chandigarh.

Image by Facebook

Here, you’ll find a faculty that’s not just well-versed in theory but also deeply connected to the corporate world. This translates into a well-rounded education that prepares students for the real challenges of the business world.

Moreover, the strong alumni network is a valuable asset. It opens doors to a world of opportunities, making it easier for graduates to secure internships and job placements in renowned companies.

In a nutshell, if you’re looking for a holistic MBA experience that combines academic rigor with practical insights and a promising future, the University Business School at Panjab University is the place to be.

2. University Institute of Applied Management Sciences (UIAMS), Panjab University

Address: QQ36+7X8, South Campus, Behind P.U. Alumni House Udyog Path, Punjab University Rd, Sector 25, Chandigarh, 160014

The University Institute of Applied Management Sciences (UIAMS) at Panjab University is a renowned institution for pursuing an MBA. With a commitment to providing quality education, UIAMS stands out for its practical approach to management studies.


Image by Facebook

What sets UIAMS apart is its strong industry connections. The institute regularly conducts guest lectures, workshops, and internships in collaboration with leading corporate organizations. This hands-on exposure equips students with real-world skills and knowledge, making them job-ready.

UIAMS places a significant emphasis on holistic development, ensuring that students not only excel academically but also develop leadership qualities and a sense of social responsibility. If you’re looking for an MBA program that combines academic rigor with practical experience, UIAMS at Panjab University is a top choice. Your journey here promises not just education but a transformative experience that prepares you for success in the corporate world.

3. Chitkara Business School

Address: Chandigarh, National Highway, 7 64, Tehsil, Rajpura, Punjab 140401

Chitkara Business School, located in the vicinity of Chandigarh, is a stellar choice for pursuing your MBA. Renowned for its innovative approach to education, a faculty comprising industry experts, and a curriculum designed to meet the demands of the ever-evolving business landscape. This business school provides students with a holistic MBA experience.

One of the standout features of Chitkara Business School is its emphasis on entrepreneurship and innovation. The school fosters an entrepreneurial spirit among its students, encouraging them to think outside the box and develop innovative solutions to real-world business challenges.

Moreover, Chitkara Business School boasts an impressive track record of placements in reputed companies. Its strong industry connections and dedicated placement cell ensure that students have access to a wide range of internship and job opportunities, helping them kickstart their careers on a solid footing.

If you’re seeking a forward-thinking MBA program in Chandigarh or its vicinity, Chitkara Business School is undoubtedly a top contender. It’s a place where you can nurture your business acumen, explore your entrepreneurial aspirations, and embark on a rewarding career journey.

4. Chandigarh University

Address: CHANDIGARH UNIVERSITY, NH-05, Ludhiana – Chandigarh State Hwy, Punjab 140413

Chandigarh University, situated in Gharuan, is a renowned destination for MBA aspirants. With its modern infrastructure and innovative teaching methods, the university offers a dynamic learning environment. What sets it apart is its wide array of MBA specializations, allowing students to tailor their education to their career goals.

The university’s strong industry connections open doors to internships and placements in top companies. Moreover, campus life is vibrant, fostering holistic development through various clubs and activities.

Whether you aspire to be an entrepreneur or a corporate leader, Chandigarh University equips you with the skills and knowledge needed to excel in the competitive business world. If you’re seeking a quality MBA education combined with a rich campus experience, Chandigarh University in Gharuan should be high on your list.

5. Gian Jyoti Institute of Management and Technology

Address: Phase-2, Mohali, near Bassi Theatre, Sector 54, Chandigarh, Punjab 160055

Gian Jyoti Institute of Management and Technology, located in Mohali, is a prominent institution known for its exceptional MBA programs. With a commitment to providing quality education, GJIMT has established itself as a preferred choice for MBA aspirants.

GJIMT mohali

Image by Aman Bansal

What sets GJIMT apart is its industry-oriented approach to education. The institute places a strong emphasis on practical learning, ensuring that students are well-prepared for the dynamic corporate world. Faculty members at GJIMT are experienced professionals who bring real-world insights into the classroom.

Moreover, GJIMT’s campus provides a conducive environment for holistic development. The institution fosters a culture of innovation and entrepreneurship, encouraging students to think creatively and take on leadership roles.

If you’re seeking an MBA program that combines academic rigor with practical exposure and a nurturing environment, Gian Jyoti Institute of Management and Technology in Mohali is a compelling choice for your educational journey.

6. Swami Vivekanand Institute of Engineering and Technology (SVIET)

Address: GMJG+78J, Village- Ramnagar, Tehsil, near Banur, Rajpura, Punjab 140401

Swami Vivekanand Institute of Engineering and Technology (SVIET) in Chandigarh offers a dynamic and enriching MBA program that can be your gateway to a successful career in business management.

main gate of Swami Vivekanand Institute of Engineering and Technology (SVIET)

Image by Maaz Akram

What sets SVIET apart is its dedicated faculty, who bring a wealth of industry experience to the classroom. This ensures that you not only grasp the theoretical concepts but also gain real-world insights. The institute also encourages innovation and entrepreneurship, fostering a creative and competitive environment.

At SVIET, you’ll find state-of-the-art facilities, a supportive learning atmosphere, and a range of specializations to choose from, allowing you to tailor your MBA to your career aspirations. Whether you’re interested in Marketing, Finance, Human Resource Management, or Information Technology, SVIET provides a platform for your growth and success. The MBA program here embarks you on a journey of learning, growth, and career advancement.

7. Indo Global Group of Colleges

Address: New Chandigarh, District Mohali, 18 kms from PGI-PU Gate, Abhipur, Punjab 140109

Indo Global Group of Colleges, located in Chandigarh, is a promising destination for MBA aspirants. This institution offers a diverse range of MBA specializations, including Marketing, Finance, Human Resource Management, and Information Technology.

A view of Indo Global Group of Colleges

Image by Gurjeet Singh

What sets Indo Global apart is its focus on industry relevance and practical learning. The curriculum is designed to equip students with the skills and knowledge needed to excel in the competitive business world. Experienced faculty members and industry experts contribute to a dynamic learning environment.

The college also emphasizes holistic development, with various extracurricular activities and workshops to enhance students’ soft skills and leadership qualities.

Moreover, the campus provides a conducive atmosphere for learning, with modern facilities, a well-stocked library, and state-of-the-art labs. Indo Global Group of Colleges is a promising choice for those seeking a well-rounded MBA education in Chandigarh.

Final Thoughts

Choosing the right MBA college is a critical step in shaping your future. Chandigarh, with its vibrant academic environment and diverse options, offers an excellent platform for MBA aspirants. Whether you prefer a traditional institution like UBS or a dynamic setting like Chandigarh University, you can be confident that Chandigarh’s MBA colleges will equip you with the skills and knowledge needed to thrive in the competitive business world.

Continue Reading


Explore Gian Jyoti Institute of Management and Technology, Mohali: Nurturing Excellence in Education



Outside view from the Gyan Jyoti Institute of Management and Technology Mohali
Image by: Official Website

In the fast-paced and ever-evolving landscape of higher education, institutions that stand out for their commitment to academic excellence and holistic development are like shining stars. One such institution that has been consistently making its mark is the Gian Jyoti Institute of Management and Technology in Mohali, Punjab, India. 

GJIMT has emerged as a beacon of quality education, setting new standards in the field of management and technology. It has been established with a vision to empower students with knowledge and skills to thrive in the globalized world, 

The institute is ISO certified 9001:2008 and is approved by IKG Punjab Technical University and All India Council of Technical Education. It has grown over the years to become a renowned name in the education sector. 

This article delves into the history, infrastructure, academic programs, faculty, and overall spirit of GJIMT to provide a comprehensive overview of this prestigious institution.

History and Foundation

GJIMT was founded in 1998 under the patronage of the Gian Jyoti Educational Society. It was established with the noble aim of bridging the gap between education and industry by providing students with the best of both worlds. 

Their foresight and dedication laid the foundation for an institution that would go on to transform the lives of countless students.

Over the years, GJIMT has remained committed to its mission of imparting quality education and nurturing young minds to become leaders and innovators. It has consistently strived to keep pace with the rapidly changing dynamics of the global education landscape.

Infrastructure and Facilities

One of the key strengths of GJIMT is its state-of-the-art infrastructure and world-class facilities. The sprawling campus is equipped with modern classrooms, well-equipped laboratories, a well-stocked library, and spacious auditoriums. 

The institution places a strong emphasis on providing students with a conducive learning environment that fosters creativity and critical thinking.

The library at GJIMT deserves a special mention. It houses an extensive collection of books, journals, research papers, and digital resources that cater to the diverse academic needs of students and faculty. 

The institution also subscribes to various online databases and e-journals, ensuring that students have access to the latest research and information in their respective fields.

Apart from academic facilities, GJIMT also offers a host of amenities to ensure the overall well-being of its students. These include a cafeteria serving nutritious food, sports facilities, transportation services, Wi-Fi facilities, and a medical center to address any health concerns.

Academic Programs

GJIMT offers a wide range of academic programs that are designed to cater to the evolving needs of the industry and the aspirations of students. The institution is renowned for its management and technology programs, which are highly sought after by students aspiring to excel in these fields.

1. Management & Commerce Programs

GJIMT offers a variety of management programs, including undergraduate and postgraduate degrees in the field of Commerce and Management. It further varies to the areas of Business Administration, Marketing, Finance, Human Resources, and International Business. 

The curriculum is designed to provide students with a strong foundation in management principles, along with practical exposure through internships and industry interactions.

2. Technology Programs

In an era driven by technology and innovation, GJIMT offers cutting-edge Master’s in Computer Technology programs that equip students with the skills needed to thrive in the digital age. 

These programs include Bachelor’s and Master’s in Computer Applications.

3. Ph.D. Programs

GJIMT encourages research and innovation among its students and faculty. It has established research centers and collaborations with industry partners to facilitate research projects and promote innovation.

You can choose to complete your Doctorate in Finance, Marketing, Management, HRM, Economics, and Operations Management.

Faculty Excellence

The faculty at GJIMT comprises a mix of experienced academicians and industry experts, bringing a unique blend of theoretical knowledge and practical insights to the classroom.

The institution places great emphasis on faculty development. They keep encouraging professors to engage in research, attend conferences, and stay updated with the latest developments in their respective fields. 

This commitment to faculty excellence directly benefits the students, as they receive guidance and mentorship from experts who are passionate about teaching and research.

Industry Collaborations and Placements

GJIMT understands the importance of industry-academic partnerships in preparing students for real-world challenges. 

To this end, the institution has forged strong collaborations with leading companies and organizations in various sectors. These collaborations take the form of guest lectures, workshops, internships, and placement opportunities.

The placement cell at GJIMT is dedicated to ensuring that students have access to lucrative career opportunities upon graduation. The institution has a remarkable track record of placing students in renowned Indian companies, especially in the banking sector. 

This success can be attributed to the institution’s focus on skill development, personality enhancement, and soft skills training, which are integrated into the curriculum.

Student Life and Extracurricular Activities

Education at GJIMT goes beyond the confines of classrooms and textbooks. The institution places a strong emphasis on holistic development, encouraging students to participate in a wide range of extracurricular activities. 

These activities include sports, cultural events, clubs, webinars, NCC, and several societies that cater to diverse interests. These college fests, sports tournaments, and cultural events are eagerly awaited by students and provide a platform for them to showcase their talents and creativity. 

This holistic approach to education ensures that students not only excel academically but also develop essential life skills such as leadership, teamwork, and communication.

Social Responsibility and Community Engagement

GJIMT is not only focused on academic excellence but also on giving back to society. The institution actively engages in social responsibility initiatives.

It also encourages students to participate in community service projects such as blood donation camps and eye check-up camps. Through these endeavors, students learn the importance of empathy, compassion, and responsible citizenship.

The Bottom Line

Along with several government colleges in Chandigarh, GJIMT in Mohali, Punjab, also shines as a beacon of academic excellence, innovation, and holistic development. Since its inception, GJIMT has remained dedicated to its mission of nurturing young minds, empowering them with knowledge and skills, and preparing them to thrive in a rapidly changing world.

As GJIMT continues to evolve and adapt to the changing needs of the education sector, it remains steadfast in its pursuit of excellence. With a bright future ahead, GJIMT will undoubtedly continue to inspire and empower generations of students to achieve their dreams and make a positive impact on the world.


Continue Reading


10 Historic Palaces and Forts in Punjab You Must Visit



Collage of forts in Punjab

Punjab, known as the Land of Five Rivers, is not only famous for its vibrant culture, delectable cuisine, and warm-hearted people but also for its rich historical heritage. The state is dotted with numerous historic palaces and forts that narrate tales of valor, grandeur, and architectural excellence. In this article, we will take you on a virtual tour of some of the most magnificent palaces and forts in Punjab, India.

1. Qila Mubarak, Patiala

Our journey through Punjab’s historic palaces and forts begins with the Qila Mubarak in Patiala. Qila Mubarak, located in Patiala, Punjab, India, is a significant fortress showcasing Sikh architecture.

An outside view of Qila Mubarak in Patiala.

Image by Humble UK

Its history dates back to 1763 when Sidhu Jat ruler Baba Ala Singh founded it as a mud fortress. Later, he reconstructed it with baked bricks. Interestingly, it was built atop an existing Mughal fortress created by Governor Hussain Khan.

The complex, spread across 10 acres, includes the residential palace of the Royal family of Patiala. It also has guest houses and the majestic Darbar Hall. An underground sewerage system adds to its historical significance.

Qila Androon, an integral part of the complex, boasts 13 royal chambers. These chambers are adorned with stunning mural paintings depicting scenes from Hindu mythology in the unique Patiala art style.

Meanwhile, the Darbar Hall houses a collection of rare artifacts like cannons, swords, shields, and even daggers associated with Guru Gobind Singh.

Despite its historical value, the 300-year-old Qila has suffered extensive damage. It was also listed among the “most endangered monuments” by the World Monuments Fund in 2004.

Moreover, restoration efforts are underway to preserve this cultural gem for future generations. It has been supported and funded by various organizations including the Indian National Trust for Arts and Cultural Heritage and the Archaeological Survey of India

2. Bahadurgarh Fort, Patiala

Bahadurgarh Fort, located in Patiala, Punjab, is a historic marvel that stands as a testament to the region’s rich heritage. This fort was constructed in the 17th century by Nawab-Saif-Ud-Din Mahmud in the year 1658. Later, it was renovated by Maharaja Karam Singh of the Patiala dynasty in 1837. This fort was completed in 1945 with a cost of Rs. 1 lakh.

This fort is a remarkable blend of Mughal and Rajput architectural styles. It was earlier called Saifabad and the tomb of Nawab Saif Khan is also located at a short distance from the fort. 

After the completion of the renovation, it was named after the Ninth Guru Shri Teg Bahadur Ji. The fort is sprawling on an area of around 21 square kilometers and is in a circular shape. It is surrounded by two ramparts.

Bahadurgarh Fort is not only a visual treat for history enthusiasts but also offers a glimpse into the opulent lifestyle of the Patiala royals. A visit to this fort is a journey back in time, providing a deeper appreciation for Punjab’s rich and storied past.

3. Ram Bagh Palace, Amritsar

Ram Bagh is a historic garden located in Amritsar, Punjab, India. It was established during the reign of Maharaja Ranjit Singh and is renowned for its picturesque beauty. At the heart of this garden lies Ram Bagh Palace, also known as Ram Bagh Mahal.

This palace served as Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s summer residence. Completed in 1831, the palace is named in honor of Guru Ram Das, the fourth guru of the Sikh faith, who founded the city of Amritsar.

Ram Bagh and its associated structures, including the palace, hold significant historical and cultural importance. The entire Ram Bagh complex, encompassing the palace and other architectural landmarks, enjoys dual recognition as both a state-protected monument and a monument of national importance.

However, the Ram Bagh complex has been embroiled in a prolonged legal dispute, which has had a detrimental impact on its preservation and restoration efforts. This legal battle has posed challenges to the conservation of this historical gem, which stands as a testament to the rich heritage and architectural splendor of the region.

4. Gobindgarh Fort, Amritsar

Gobindgarh Fort, situated in the heart of Amritsar, Punjab, is a significant historical military stronghold that holds a rich and diverse history. 

Originally known as the “Bhangian da Killa,” it was founded in the 18th century by the Bhangi Misl of Dhillon Jats rulers. However, in the early 19th century, Maharaja Ranjit Singh renamed it in honor of Guru Gobind Singh, the 10th Sikh guru.

This imposing fort is constructed in a square pattern, boasting a 1,000-meter perimeter, entirely crafted from bricks and lime. It was armed with 25 cannons along its ramparts and remained under the control of the Bhangi rulers until 1805. 

Subsequently, from the mid-19th century, until India gained independence in 1947, the British army occupied the fort, implementing various defensive enhancements to adapt to evolving weaponry technology.

In recent years, Gobindgarh Fort has transitioned from a military base to a cultural treasure open to the public since February 10, 2017. 

Today, it is being transformed into a museum and theme park, serving as a repository of Punjab’s rich history, making it a must-visit destination for those interested in India’s vibrant past.

5. Sheesh Mahal, Patiala

Sheesh Mahal of Patiala is a dazzling architectural gem. The “Sheesh Mahal” translates to “Palace of Mirrors,” and true to its name, this palace is a masterpiece of intricate mirror work.

Outside view of Sheesh Mahal

Image by Bhagirath Khuman

Constructed in 1847 by Maharaja Narinder Singh, the Sheesh Mahal features walls and ceilings adorned with countless pieces of mirror. These mirrors create a breathtaking kaleidoscope of reflections. 

The palace’s design is a harmonious fusion of Rajasthani and Mughal architectural styles. It showcases the artistic finesse of the craftsmen of that era.

Visiting Sheesh Mahal is like stepping into a world of opulence and beauty, where every inch is a testament to the artistic and architectural grandeur of Punjab’s royal heritage. It is a must-visit destination for those seeking to immerse themselves in the history and splendor of Patiala.

6. Moti Bagh Palace, Patiala

Moti Bagh Palace, also known as the Pearl Garden Palace, is a historic gem located in Patiala, India. It was constructed in 1847 by Maharaja Narinder Singh at a considerable cost of five lakhs of rupees. This palace holds a rich legacy in the region. It’s a testament to the opulence and glory of the Patiala royal family.

Outside gate of Moti Bagh Palace in Patiala.

Image by Himanshu Rao

The palace complex consists of two main parts: the Old Moti Bagh Palace and the New Moti Bagh Palace. The former, built by Maharaja Narinder Singh, is one of the largest residencies in Asia and currently houses the Netaji Subhas National Institute of Sports (NIS), playing a pivotal role in promoting sports and physical education in India.

On the other hand, the New Moti Bagh Palace serves as the residence of the former Chief Minister of Punjab, Captain Amarinder Singh, showcasing the enduring connection between the royal heritage and contemporary politics in the region.

Moti Bagh Palace, with its historical significance and modern-day functions, continues to be a symbol of Patiala’s rich cultural and political heritage.

7. Rajmahal, Faridkot

The ‘Raj Mahal,’ a royal palace, was constructed during the rule of Maharaja Bikrama Singh between 1885 and 1889. Notably, it was under the supervision of the then Crown Prince, who later became Maharaja Balbir Singh. 

Maharaja Balbir Singh was also the first to inhabit this splendid palace. The palace spans nearly 15 acres and boasts a stunning French design that stands out amidst the semi-desert landscape of the region. The splendor of the palace is enhanced by its expansive grassy lawns, creating a truly majestic setting.

The entrance to this architectural marvel is known as the “Raj Deori,” itself a heritage building with a rich history. Today, it houses the Balbir Hospital, adding a modern touch to the historical significance of the structure.

The ‘Raj Mahal’ and its associated heritage, including the ‘Raj Deori,’ serve as proof of the rich cultural and architectural heritage of the region. It offers a glimpse into the opulence of a bygone era.

8. Jagatjit Palace, Kapurthala

Jagatjit Palace, located in Kapurthala, Punjab, is a magnificent architectural marvel that exudes royal opulence. It was built in the early 20th century by Maharaja Jagatjit Singh of Kapurthala. This grand palace is a stunning blend of Indo-Saracenic and French architectural styles.

Today, Jagatjit Palace has found a new purpose as it houses the Sainik School, dedicated to training young boys for the National Defense Academy. This transformation has preserved the historical significance of the palace while ensuring its continued use for a noble cause – nurturing future defenders of the nation.

The fusion of history, art, and education within its walls adds a unique layer of significance to the palace. 

It stands as a symbol of both Kapurthala’s regal heritage and its commitment to shaping young minds for the service of the country. Jagatjit Palace continues to inspire awe and reverence for its timeless beauty and evolving purpose.

9. Phillaur Fort, Jalandhar

Phillaur Fort, also known as Maharaja Ranjit Singh Fort, is situated along the Grand Trunk Road in Phillaur, Punjab, India. Its historical significance dates back to the reign of Shah Jahan, who initially constructed an Imperial Sarai at this location.

The fort was rebuilt under the rule of Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1809. It was a work of architectural expertise of Dewan Mohkam Chand, aided by French and Italian generals in Ranjit Singh’s service. The fort’s construction was a response to the British, who had erected a fort in nearby Ludhiana.

However, in 1846, after the British victory at the Battle of Aliwal, they gained control of Phillaur Fort. It remained under military control until 1890 when it was handed over to civil authorities. Eventually, it is now serving as a police training center.

In 1973, it was renamed the ‘Maharaja Ranjit Singh Fort‘ by the Punjab Government. Since 1981, it has been utilized as the Maharaja Ranjit Singh Punjab Police Academy.

The fort holds religious significance for local Muslims as it houses the Shrine of Pir Baba Abdullah Shah Ji. It also has tombs of various Muslim figures and members of Shah Shuja’s family.

10. Sheesh Mahal, Hoshiarpur

In 1911, Lala Hans Raj Jain commissioned the construction of a remarkable monument known as Sheesh Mahal. It translates to “Palace of Glass” in English.

scriptures from Sheesh Mahal, Hoshiarpur, one of the forts in Punjab.

Image by YS Bedi

This magnificent palace is distinguished by its extensive use of glass for both interior walls and ceilings. Inside, on the first floor, you’ll find intricate paintings that vividly depict the coronation ceremony of King George V. These artworks offer a glimpse into the historical significance of the era.

On the ground floor of Sheesh Mahal, you’ll discover a fascinating collection of statues dedicated to various gods and goddesses. These sculptures reflect the rich cultural and religious diversity of the region. 

Sheesh Mahal is not only a marvel of architectural beauty but also a place where history and spirituality converge. It offers visitors a unique and enchanting experience. It also stands as a testament to the artistry and historical heritage of the time it was built.

Ending Note

Punjab offers a captivating journey through time as you explore its historic palaces and forts. These forts in Punjab have witnessed the dynasties, battles, and cultural influences that have shaped the state’s identity over the centuries. 

From the glory of Qila Mubarak in Patiala to the spiritual significance of Sheesh Mahal in Hoshiarpur, each site has a unique story to tell. Along with several other famous things of Punjab, these forts invite you to immerse yourself in Punjab’s rich and diverse heritage. 

So, plan your visit and embark on a journey that will not only educate you about history but also leave you enchanted by the charm of Punjab’s past.

Continue Reading